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Simple Present Tense

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derbal

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Joined: 31 Mar 2007
Posts: 86

PostPosted: 19th May 2007, 16:12 Post subject: Simple Present Tense





Simple Present Tense






I sing


How do we make the Simple Present Tense?
















subject+auxiliary verb+main verb
dobase


There are three important exceptions:



  1. For positive sentences, we do not normally use the auxiliary.
  2. For the 3rd person singular (he, she, it), we add s to the main verb or es to the auxiliary.
  3. For the verb to be, we do not use an auxiliary, even for questions and negatives.

Look at these examples with the main verb like:


















































 subjectauxiliary verb main verb 
+I, you, we, they  likecoffee.
He, she, it  likescoffee.
-I, you, we, theydonotlikecoffee.
He, she, itdoesnotlikecoffee.
?DoI, you, we, they likecoffee?
Doeshe, she, it likecoffee?


Look at these examples with the main verb be. Notice that there is no auxiliary:


























































 subjectmain verb  
+Iam French.
You, we, theyare French.
He, she, itis French.
-Iamnotold.
You, we, theyarenotold.
He, she, itisnotold.
?AmI late?
Areyou, we, they late?
Ishe, she, it late?


How do we use the Simple Present Tense?


We use the simple present tense when:



  • the action is general
  • the action happens all the time, or habitually, in the past, present and future
  • the action is not only happening now
  • the statement is always true













John drives a taxi.
pastpresentfuture



It is John's job to drive a taxi. He does it every day. Past, present and future.


Look at these examples:



  • I live in New York.
  • The Moon goes round the Earth.
  • John drives a taxi.
  • He does not drive a bus.
  • We do not work at night.
  • Do you play football?

Note that with the verb to be, we can also use the simple present tense for situations that are not general. We can use the simple present tense to talk about now. Look at these examples of the verb "to be" in the simple present tense—some of them are general, some of them are now:














Am I right?
Tara is not at home.
You are happy.
pastpresentfuture



The situation is now.
 











I am not fat.
Why are you so beautiful?
Ram is tall.
pastpresentfuture



The situation is general. Past, present and future.
 




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